Section 80U of the Income Tax Act, 1961 includes provisions for tax deduction benefit to individual taxpayers suffering from a disability. In order to claim tax deduction under section 80U, the individual must be certified as a person with a disability by appropriate medical authority.
The disability act also provides a definition of severe disability which refers to the condition where the disability is 80% or more. A person suffering from multiple disabilities will also be considered as severely disabled.
Person with Disability: If a person is suffering from at least 40% disability, he/she can claim a tax deduction upto Rs.75,000 on the taxable income under section 80U.
Person with Severe Disability: If a person is suffering from severe disability i.e suffering 80% disability (either from one or multiple ailments) can claim a tax deduction upto Rs. 1.25 lakh under section 80U.